Pin Bar Candlestick Reversal Trading Strategy

An Introduction To The Pin Bar Forex Trading Strategy and How to Trade It Effectively…

The pin bar formation is a price action reversal pattern that shows that a certain level or price point in the market was rejected. Once familiarized with the pin bar formation, it is apparent from looking at any price chart just how profitable this pattern can be. Let’s go over exactly what a pin bar formation is and how you can take advantage of the pin bar strategy in the context of varying market conditions.

What is a Pin Bar?

The actual pin bar itself is a bar with a long upper or lower “tail”, “wick” or “shadow” and a much smaller “body” or “real body”, you can find pin bars on any stripped-down, “naked” bar chart or candlestick chart. We usecandlestick charts because they show the price action the clearest and are the most popular charts amongst professional traders. Many traders prefer the candlestick version over standard bar charts because it is generally regarded as a better visual representation of price action.

Characteristics of the Pin Bar Formation

• The pin bar should have a long upper or lower tail…the tail is also sometimes called the “wick” or the “shadow”…they all mean the same thing. It’s the “pointy” part of the pin bar that literally looks like a “tail” and that shows rejection or false break of a level.

• The area between the open and close of the pin bar is called the “body” or “real body”. It is typically colored white or another light color when the close was higher than the open and black or another dark color when the close was lower than the open.

• The open and close of the pin bar should be very close together or equal (same price), the closer the better.

• The open and close of the pin bar are near one end of the bar, the closer to the end the better.

• The shadow or tail of the pin bar sticks out (protrudes) from the surrounding price bars, the longer the tail of the pin bar the better.

• A general “rule of thumb” is that you want to see the pin bar tail be two/thirds the total pin bar length or more and the rest of the pin bar should be one/third the total pin bar length or less.

• The end opposite the tail is sometimes referred to as the “nose”


Bullish Reversal Pin Bar Formation

In a bullish pin bar reversal setup, the pin bar’s tail points down because it shows rejection of lower prices or a level of support. This setup very often leads to a rise in price.

Bearish Reversal Pin Bar Formation

In a bearish pin bar reversal setup, the pin bar’s tail points up because it shows rejection of higher prices or a level of resistance. This setup very often leads to a drop in price.


Other names you might find pin bars described by:

There are several different names used in ‘classic’ Japanese candlestick patterns that refer to what are basically all pin bars, the terminology is just a little different. The following all qualify as pin bars and can be traded as I’ve described above:

• A bearish reversal or top reversal pin bar formation can be called a “long wicked inverted hammer”, “long wicked doji”, “long wicked gravestone”, or “shooting star”.

• A bullish reversal or bottom reversal pin bar formation can be called a “long wicked hammer”, “long wicked doji”, or “long wicked dragonfly”.


Facts About Trading Forex with Pin Bar Reversal Strategy

Pin bars are one of the most popular of my price action trading strategies. They show a clear rejection of a price level and are often followed by a large directional move opposite the direction of the rejection. However, it takes a skilled and discerning eye to find high-probability pin bar setups that are worth risking your hard-earned money on. Thus, you will need to learn what a valid pin bar setup looks like, as well as when and how to trade them. Like anything else in life, pin bar trading takes education and then practice, so let’s get started by learning some facts about pin bar trading:

Pin Bar Fact: A Pin Bar is “NOT” a hanging man or doji candle. It’s a unique candle which shows rejection of a level via an obvious spike, or tail, much larger than the entire body. It’s only a valid pin bar “setup” if it forms in the correct place, otherwise, its nothing to take notice of. In other words, just because a candlestick has the form of a pin bar does mean it’s a trade-worthy pin bar signal.

Pin Bar Fact: We want to trade a pin bar in the opposite direction the spiky tail (also known as the shadow) is pointing. So, a bullish rejection pin bar is one that rejects lower prices and thus tips off to take a long position or buy the market, while a bearish rejection pin bar is one that rejects higher prices and thus tips us off to take a short position or sell the market.

Pin Bar Fact: Trading the pin bar strategy on higher time frame charts like the 4 hour and daily time frame, is a much higher probability way to trade them than trading them on the 5 minute or other low time frame charts.

Pin Bar Fact: We don’t just trade any old pin bar, because not all pin bars are created equal. We want to trade pin bars that form at swing lows in an uptrend or at swing highs in a downtrend. Ideally, we want to see a pin bar make a rejection or a “false-break” of a key level. Essentially, we want to trade pin bars with confluence, or at high-probability levels in the market.


Now that you know some solid facts about Forex pin bar trading you can try trading them on a demo account. You will want to focus on trading pin bars in trending markets first, as that is the highest-probability way to trade them. 

As you could have noticed above, using this binary options winning strategy is not that complicated after all. It’s all about spotting patterns and acting accordingly. A very important part of learning to use this strategy is to remember the designs of the candlesticks mentioned above.

In Summary

The pin bar formation is a very valuable tool in your arsenal of Forex price action trading strategies. The best pin bar strategies occur with a confluence of signals such as support and resistance levels, dominant trend confirmation, or other ‘confirming’ factors. Look for well formed pin bar setups that meet all the characteristics listed in this tutorial and don’t take any that you don’t feel particularly confident about.

Pin bars work on all time frames but are especially powerful on the 1 hour, 4hour and daily chart time frames. It is possible to make consistent profits by only trading the pin bar formation.


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Binary options trading can be extremely rewarding to those traders who understand the Pin Bar binary options strategy and are able to make the right choices. Winning binary options soon becomes easier. In fact, by using binary options strategies it’s possible to increase one’s winning ratio and generate substantial profits. Elite Trading wishes you lots of success in your trading.